Predators of Fig Wasps. Bush, A.
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Lafferty; J. Parasitology meets ecology on it own terms: Margolis et al. Compton, S.
The biology of fig trees and their associated animals. Elias, L. Menezes Jr. Colonization sequence of non-pollinating fig wasps associated with Ficus citrifolia no Brazil.stablighmataro.cf/wine-collecting/
Farache, F. New occurence of non-pollinating fig wasps Hymenoptera: Chaldidoidea in Ficus microcarpa in Brazil. Frank, J. A new species of Charoxus Coleoptera: Staphylinidae from native figs Ficus spp. Harrison, R. Fig and fig wasp biology: a perspective from the East. Jackson, A. Cophylogeny of the Ficus microcosm. Janzen, D.
How to be a fig. Non-pollinating Afrotropical fig wasps affect the fig-pollinator mutualism in Ficus within the subgenus Sycomorus. Kjellberg, F. Jousselin; M. Hossaert-McKey; J. In : Raman, A. Biology, ecology and evolution of gall-inducing arthropods. New Hampshire, Science, p.
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Lachaise, D. Nazareno, A.
Fauna de Hymenoptera em Ficus spp. Pereira, R. Campinas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 70 p. Pollination and other interactions in figs of Ficus eximia Schott Moraceae. Gynandromorphism in pollinating fig wasps Hymenoptera: Agaonidae. Non-pollinating wasps distort the sex ratio of pollinating fig wasps. For five grim years the company had done Mather and the Park Service a favor by consolidating the concession operations in Sequoia and General Grant and by considerably improving the physical plant.
Thirty Three Trees on Vimeo
However, by the time the long-awaited Generals Highway finally arrived, the Yosemite National Park Company had had enough. It had retired to its popular and lucrative northern park, financially bruised and somewhat wiser by the lesson. Determined to install a single, consolidated concession operation at the two southern Sierra parks, Mather turned finally to an old friend, Howard Hays. He promised Hays ready government cooperation and sure profits when the road reached Giant Forest.
Hays had come west shortly after the turn of the century and taken a job with one of the concessions in Yellowstone National Park. During that time he had become friends with Mather and Albright. After stints as a tourism promoter for several major railroads and with the National Railroad Administration, where he coordinated projects with Albright, Hays had bought out his old employer at Yellowstone. He had operated that concession until when health problems forced him to sell.
33 TREES HABITAT
Mather's desperation and elaborate promises finally convinced Hays, who saw an opportunity to implement plans like those of former manager Fritzen and to build Sequoia and General Grant into large, famous and profitable tourist resorts. He signed a twenty-year contract in the spring of and three years later brought in his brother-in-law, George Mauger, to manage the operation.
These two men, Hays and Mauger, would operate the parks' major concession for the next forty years. During that time they would vastly expand and update the infrastructure.
The Fumigation of Trees
After assuming the concession operations with a secure, long-term contract, Hays surveyed the facilities he had to offer incoming visitors. Giant Forest Lodge contained a moderate-sized dining room, a lunch counter, ten two-room cabins, thirty tents, an office, and assorted maintenance structures. At Glen Ridge, which was universally described as ugly and dilapidated, there were another thirty-three tents. Near the lodge was a store and the buildings of the smaller concessioners like Lindley Eddy. At General Grant, always a small time afterthought despite substantial visitor numbers, a few tiny cabins and tent tops clustered near a small store and lunch counter.
General Grant boasted few attractions compared to its larger southern neighbor. It was popular with residents of Fresno and other San Joaquin Valley towns, but these tourists often made only day visits or camped on their way to Kings Canyon. Upon completion of the Generals Highway, Hays moved quickly to exploit the publicity and overhaul his company's holdings. In his first two seasons, and , Hays ordered replacement of the thirty tents at the lodge with sixty-eight new shingle and tent-top cabins, nearly tripling the overnight capacity of this popular complex.
In addition, he replaced most of the tents at Glen Ridge while moving them across the road at the request of Colonel White. In late fall , the concessioner moved the lunch counter to the new Giant Forest Village and commenced construction of a store and gas station. Johnson, spraying with whale-oil soap, and fumigating with hydrocyanic acid gas, appearing to be the most satisfactory and efficacious remedies.
The accompanying illustrations, selected from those in the Report, illustrate the mode of applying the latter remedy. Reprints and Permissions. By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate. Advanced search. Skip to main content. Authors Search for W. Rights and permissions Reprints and Permissions.